The following text may make multiple use of each data field.
The field may contain magenta text presenting data from a type study
and/or revision of other original material cited in the protolog of the present taxon.
Macroscopic descriptions in magenta are a combination of data from the protolog and
additional observations made on the exiccata during revision of the cited original
The same field may also contain black text, which is data from a revision of the present
taxon (including non-type material and/or material not cited in the protolog).
Paragraphs of black text will be labeled if further subdivision of
this text is appropriate.
Olive text indicates a specimen
that has not been
thoroughly examined (for example, for microscopic
details) and marks other places in the text where data
is missing or uncertain.
The text is derived from molecular studies of Dr. Linas
Kudzma, molecular studies of Stephen D. Russell and
colleagues (Purdue Univ.), and other original research
by R. E. Tulloss.
lamella edge tissue
Solitary. At 161 - 517 m elev.
Connecticut: In sandy loam of mixed deciduous forest
with Quercus alba, Q. rubra,
Acer, Betula, Fagus grandifolia,
Indiana: With Quercus, Betula, and
North Carolina: Under mixed hardwoods incuding
Quercus, Liriodendron tulipifera,
Carya, Acer, Fagus grandifolia,
and Liquidambar styraciflua and with some
CONNECTICUT—Middlesex Co. - East Haddam,
Devil's Hopyard St. Pk. [41.4825° N/ 72.3583° W,
161 m], 4.ix.2011 Cristina
Rodríguez Caycedo [Tulloss 9-4-11-T]
(RET 492-7, nrITS-LSU seq'd.).
INDIANA— Pulaski Co. - White Post Twp.,
Medarville, Pulaski Fish & Wildlife Area
[41.1393º N/ 86.9173º W, 215 m],
20.ix.2017 Frances Kuerbs Buckley
s.n. [Mycomap #7586]
(RET 818-9. nrITS seq'd.).
NORTH CAROLINA—Macon Co. - Nantahala
Nat. For., 3.viii.2010 Jay Justice NC-AM-22
(RET 593-9, nrITS & nrLSU seq'd.).
Wake Co. - Raleigh, Umstead St. Pk.
[35.8675° N/ 78.7523° W, 118 m], 6.vi.2015 Geoff
Balme s.n. [mushroomobserver
(RET 719-9, nrITS-LSU seq'd.), 30.x.2015 G.
Balme s.n. [mushroomobserver
(RET 715-3, nrITS-LSU seq'd.),
(RET 715-4, nrITS & nrLSU seq'd.).
TENNESSEE—Grundy Co. - Savage Gulf
Scenic Natural Area, Stone Door [35.4412º N/
85.6496º W, 516 m], 30.ix.2018 Brian Adamo s.n.
(RET 866-2), 8.x.2018 Brian Adamo s.n.
(RET 866-6 nrITS-LSU seq'd.).
This species has been reported as a "yellow-capped
Amanita fulva." This field ID
mistake could be the basis for better field IDs.
—R. E. Tulloss
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can be found here.
Tulloss, Kudzma & S. D. Russell
1. Amanita carolinensis, Umstead St. Pk., North Carolina, U.S.A. (RET 715-4)
Geoff Balme - (1) Umstead State Park, Raleigh,
Wake County, North Carolina, U.S.A.
Spore data for collections provisionally identified as: Amanita carolinensis Tulloss, Kudzma & S. D. Russell
Each spore data set is intended to comprise a set of measurements from a single specimen made by a single observer;
and explanations prepared for this site talk about specimen-observer pairs associated with each data set.
Combining more data into a single data set is non-optimal because it obscures observer differences
(which may be valuable for instructional purposes, for example) and may obscure instances in which
a single collection inadvertently contains a mixture of taxa.