Site news 2010

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31 December 2010

Updated techtab: Amanita sinocitrina.

28 December 2010

Corrected name spelling: Limacella asperulospora.

Updated techtabs: Amanita elata, A. elephas, A. modesta, A. privigna, and A. rubrovolvata.

27 December 2010

We received more than 45 cm of light, powdery snow, which is now being blown about by winds of up to 80 km/hr.

Techtab updates: Amanita fritillaria, A. fritillaria f. malayensis, A. pausiaca, A. pilosella, A. pilosella f. atroconica, A. xanthella, and A. xanthomargaros.

26 December 2010

We are told that we will soon receive 30 cm or more of snow over a period of 40 or more hours—starting later today—with the low temperature tonight at -10.5°C or lower.

Techtab updates: Amanita squamosa.

25 December 2010

Techtab updates: Amanita centunculus and A. gymnopus.

24 December 2010

Techtab updates: Amanita eriophora, A. perpasta, A. sculpta, A. timida, A. vestita, and A. virginea.

22-23 December 2010

Site statistics: Around the middle of the night of 22-23 December (eastern US time), this site received its 4,000th visit.  Also, we have exceeded 41,500 pages viewed since 20 September 2010.

Techtab updates: Amanita aestivalis, A. alauda, A. albocreata, A. cinctipes, A. demissa, A. dulciarii, A. eijii, A. flavoconia, A. incarnatifolia, A. pantherina, A. sinicoflava, A. velatipes, A. sp-53, and A. sp-HON9.

19 December 2010

Techtab updates: Amanita kwangsiensis, A. mira, A. rubrovolvata, A. rufoferruginea, A. sinensis, A. subfrostiana, and A. subglobosa.

15-17 December 2010

Trial species for establishing description transfers to We have settled on Amanita populiphila as our trial taxon after a very productive meeting in Falmouth, Massachusetts, yesterday including Nathan Wilson, David Tulloss, and RET.

New species added: Limacella quilonensis.

Brief tab update: Amanita umbrinidisca.

Techtab updates: Amanita altipes, A. atrofusca, A. brunneofuliginea, A. hongoi, A. liquii, A. phalloides, and A. sp-WY01.

14 December 2010

The number of unique visitors to this site exceeds 2,000.

11 December 2010

Techtab update: Amanita silvicola.

9 December 2010

New taxon page: Limacella sp-Krstic-20-xi-2010.

7-8 December 2010

Uh-oh.  Looks like we never brought Amanita allostraminea over from the old site.  Sorry, folks in eastern Australia.

New taxon page: Amanita allostraminea.

Updated techtabs: Amanita albidoides, A. albosquamosa, A. alboverrucosa, A. albovolvata, A. albidannulata, A. ananicepitoides, A. annulalbida, A. armeniaca, A. austrophalloides, A. basibulbosa, A. chlorophylla, A. cinerascens, A. conicogrisea, A. conicoverrucosa, A. crematelloides, A. egregia, A. elongatispora, A. fuscobrunnea, A. fuscosquamosa, A. gracilenta, A. murinaster, A. ochraceobulbosa, A. pallidobrunnea, A. palliochracea, A. pallidofumosa, A. pallidogrisea, A. punctata, A. pyramidiferina, A. roseolamellata, A. sordidobubalina, A. sordidogrisea, A. striatuloides, A. strobilaceoides, A. umbrinelloides.

5-6 December 2010

In the Netherlands, 5 December is Sinterklaas.

User support: Paul Hamilton Scott requested a set of old notes be transcribed to give him a feel for what had been recorded about the specimen called A. sp-T26. The material was posted on the techtab for that "taxon"; and, because the specimen seems (from the old notes) as though it could have been determined as A. chlorinosma, the relevant sporograph comparison figure was added to the same tab.

Brief tab updates: Amanita ameripanthera, A. baccata sensu Arora, and A. dolichopus.

Techtab updates: Amanita sp-M18.

Added taxon pages: Amanita sp-M04, A. sp-M06, A. sp-M13, A. sp-M15, A. sp-M16, A. sp-M23, and A. sp-M34..

4 December 2010

Today, our total provided data ("total bandwidth") reached 2.0 Gbytes.

Techtab updates: Amanita biovigera, A. borealisorora, A. sp-IA01, A. sp-T32, A. sp-T33, A. sp-T36, A. sp-T37, A. sp-T38A. sp-T39, A. sp-T40, and A. sp-T42.

1-3 December 2010

We will not list separately all the pages on which we are adjusting geographic name strings in the "material examined" data field.  We are working through the data country by country—and learning a great deal about how countries have chosen (or not) to make their administrative divisions.  We are standardizing on names for localities and working on other matters that will make mapping, checklists, etc. producible on this site.

Techtab updates: Amanita aprica, A. yenii, A. sp-NFL01, A. sp-NFL02, A. sp-NFL03, A. sp-NFL06, A. sp-NFL08, A. sp-NFL09, A. sp-NFL10, A. sp-NFL11, A. sp-T10, A. sp-T16, A. sp-T23, and Limacella taiwanensis.

30 November 2010

Techtab updates: Amanita avellaneosquamosa, A. chepangiana, A. clarisquamosa, A. farinosa sensu Zhu L. Yang, A. fritillaria, A. incarnatifolia, A. manginiana sensu W. F. Chiu, A. ovalispora, A. pseudoporphyria, and A. virgineoides.

29 November 2010

Techtab updates: Amanita bisporigera, A. pallidocarnea, A. subjunquillea, and A. subjunquillea var. alba.

28 November 2010

Thanks: Special thanks are due to Dr. Robert Mesibov who was able to give us specific information on the Penquite Estate (now under a housing development) that once was "near Launceston" in northern Tasmania.  The Penquite Estate is/was the type locality for Amanita ananiceps (=A. ananaeceps).  For posterity, here is the entire email from Dr. Mesibov:
Hi, Rod. This isn't one you can dig up on the Web ...yet.

'Penquite' was the name of an estate in (today's) Launceston owned by W.E. Lawrence in the early 19th century. Lawrence's son Robert was a keen botanist and encouraged Ronald Campbell Gunn to collect plants as well. Both men collected on Penquite and supplied specimens to W.D. Hooker. After Robert's and William's deaths, Gunn managed the Lawrence estates and resided at Penquite House, from where he continued to send both pressed plants and live ones (in Ward cases) to Hooker.

There is thus the possibility that a plant sent by Gunn from 'Penquite, near Launceston' (his way of writing his address) could have been said by later workers to have come from Penquite, although it might actually have been collected somewhere else in northern Tasmania. Gunn's labels would have the actual collecting locality.

The Penquite property itself was ca 740 ha and a generalised lat/long is 41-27S 147-09E.


Dr Robert Mesibov
Honorary Research Associate
Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, and
School of Zoology, University of Tasmania
Home contact: PO Box 101, Penguin, Tasmania, Australia 7316
Ph: (03) 64371195; 61 3 64371195
Webpage: it is on the web, Bob.

The above however, was not the end of the story.  In an earlier version of this posting I mentioned that the collection date for the type of A. ananiceps was "1805" (which is as cited by Bas (1969)).  Dr. Mesibov came right back saying the date was impossibly early for a citation of the Penquite property.  I checked the protolog and found that the date cited was simply "March" and that there appear to be two collection numbers cited—1777 and 1805.  Because Berkeley named other material from Gunn's collecting in Tasmania in the same paper that contains the protolog of A. ananicpes, we can tell that at least some of Gunn's numbers before 1777 were collected in January and February of 1846 and at least some of Gunn's numbers following 1805 were collected later in the year (after March); hence, I suggest that there are grounds to believe that the actual year of collections is probably 1846.  The next step is to find out what is actually on the label of the type at Kew, and I have sent an email raising the relevant issues.

Techtab updates: Amanita eijii, A. flavipes, A. fritillaria, A. griseofolia, A. griseoverrucosa, A. orientigemmata, A. sepiacea, and A. subglobosa.

25 November 2010

Visits: Today the number of visits to the site exceeded 3,000 since we started counting.

18-22 November 2010

Brute force attacks and denial of service: We have weathered a series of brute force attack (Russian source) that continued over the weekend into the night of 20-21 November and have survived with our data base and functionality apparently intact.  During this time, exceptional efforts were provided by David Tulloss and system gurus with whom he consulted.  The other development team members extend their sincere thanks to David and the gurusphere.  Added levels of security have been created for the site that should prevent a repeat of this particular type of difficulty.  We apologize for slow and unavailable service over the last week.  The good thing: They never cracked our system login defense.  The bad thing: It took us several days to realize we were under attack.

Geographic data: We are now processing the geographic data on the site with a combination of automation and manual editing to produce single unique names for sites in call cases in which we can demonstrate that we have different, but synonymous site descriptions. This is the first step toward distribution mapping and automated checklist production.
Our next step will be development of a tool that produces a species list for every unique locality and provides mechanisms for developing and storing (1) "trigger strings" that produce an acceptable lat.-long. designation for a unique locality when the "trigger string" is supplied to Google Map and/or (2) a "forced" lat.-long. specification that will override the requirement to use Google Map when necessary.
Our hope is to be able to provide a meaningful lat.-long for at least 50% of locality designations when viewed at a "county" (third administrative level) map view. We hope to designate a "county" level for at least 75% of our localities and a "state/province/department" (2nd administrative level) for 90% of our localities.

New taxon page: Amanita sp-N08 and Amanita sp-N19.

Techtab updates: Amanita agglutinata, A. gemmata, A. pseudovolvata, A. russuloides, A. sp-N08, A. sp-N19, A. sp-S01, and A. sp-T22.

Brief tab updates: Amanita pseudovolvata and A. sp-S01.

1,500 unique users: as the p.m. of 22 November.

14-16 November 2010:

Loss of service: In the morning of 16 November, we had a loss of service on the site, which was restored by about 11:30 EST (Eastern [US] Standard Time). We are sorry for the inconvenience.

Brief tab updates: Amanita herrerae.

Techtab updates: Amanita abrupta, A. belizeana, A. herrerae, A. ponderosa, A. proxima, A. pseudovolvata, A. volvata, A. sp-F03, A. sp-Hesler-22051, and A. sp-S10.

8-10 November 2010:

Text-to-Speech: On the evening of 9 November 2010 we began to trial text-to-speech for all data fields on  We understand that TTS users are used to some hitches in this service (which relies on processing by a remote site); and, frankly, they are likely to experience the same hitches with the "Studies in Amanitaceae" site.

In the early morning of 8 November, we recorded our 2,500th visit since statistics collection began on 21 September 2010.

Techtab updates: Amanita bingensis, A. margarita, A. marginata, Amanita muscaria subsp. flavivolvata (=Amanita amerimuscaria Tulloss and Geml nom. prov.), A. pallidoflavescens, A. parviformis, A. pseudoverna, A. simlensis, A. spreta, A. subvirginiana, A. tanzanica, A. whetstoneae, A. sp-CR09, A. sp-CR18, A. sp-F03, A. sp-F11, A. sp-N12, A. sp-N24, A. sp-N28, A. sp-QUE1, A. sp-S10, A. sp-Thai3, and A. sp-V02.

4-6 November 2010:

New functionality: A new display function is beginning to appear on some pages today.  Thanks to DCT, we are able to create sporograph comparison images that will automatically be updated if/when spore data changes for either/any of the species being compared.  These comparisons are viewable on many of the pages listed below under "techtab upgrades."

Techtab upgrades: Amanita americrocea, A. arkansana, A. austroolivacea, A. barrowsii, A. basiana, A. basii, A. brunnescens f. straminea, A. costaricensis, A. exitialis, A. floridana, A. fuligineodisca, A. icthyeroballen, A. kwangsiensis, A. lignitincta, A. longitibiale, A. magniradix, A. ocreata, A. rhopalopus, A. silvicola, A. tuza, Amanita verniformis, A. vetinummus, A. virosa, Amanita sp-Hesler-22051, Limacella singaporeana, L. taiwanensis, L. sp-Burnett-5-xi-1994, L. sp-CMP0152, L. sp-CMP3806-1, and L. sp-Tulloss-8-31-94-E.

Trouble with the User sporograph page?  We have a complaint about apparent slow or no response on the User sporograph page when users attempt to select for display/comparison the sporograph of a species described on the site.  The problem is caused by a timer in code that we adopted for the drop down list that adjusts to a set of possible matches for text of a taxon name that is being typed by a user.  This code requires a very light touch of the mouse-left-button in selecting an item from the drop down list.  The current resolution to the problem is to use a very light, very quick tap on said mouse button.  RET had to retrain his 66 year-old right index finger to do the task properly.  From personal experience, we realize that we need to reprogram the timer significantly and are working on the solution.

2-3 November 2010:

New name added: Amanita sp-McAdoo-358-1.

Brieftab added: Amanita dolichopus.

Techtab update: Amanita submaculata.

31 October 2010:

Techtab updates: Amanita pantherina, A. solitaria, and A. strobiliformis.

28-29 October 2010:

Additional images: From Dr. Jan Borovička, Amanita pantherina, A. solitaria, and A. vittadinii.

Brief tab created: Amanita baccata sensu Arora. Techtab upgrade: Amanita concentrica, A. flammeola, A. hovae, A. irreperta, A. lactea, A. mafingensis, A. murinacea, A. muscaria, A. picea, A. pudibunda, and A. regalis.

27 October 2010:

Brief tab created: Amanita ameripanthera.

Techtab upgrades: Amanita thejoleuca.

Around the middle of the night last night (eastern daylight time), had its 1,000th distinct visitor.  90% of our visitors come to the site without using a search engine.  Despite the detection of new visitors every day, the average visitor has been on the site 1.53 times, and this average has been slowly but steadily rising since statistics collection began a little over one month ago.  Our visitors utlize internet service providers from at least 43 countries. Visitors in the following countries have made the greatest use of the site since 22 September (top 10 in order of declining number of visits): U.S., Mexico, France, Belgium, Brazil, Australia, Austria, Italy, China, and Thailand.

25-26 October 2010:

New page created: Amanita hovae Bouriquet.

Image added: Amanita silvicola (from Ron Pastorino).

Techtab upgrades: Amanita alliodora, A. constricta, A. flammeola, A. hemibapha, A. irreperta, A. labordei, A. lactea, A. mafingensis, A. murinacea, and A. polypyramis.

22-24 October 2010:

Techtab upgrades: Amanita arctica, A. argentea, A. constricta, A. dunicola, A. flammeola, A. groenlandica, A. huijsmanii, A. lactea, A. mafingensis, A. zambiana, A. sp-T06, and Limacella guttata.

New images: Limacella guttata (courtesy of Roberto Graf, Zürich, Switzerland).

First ever (for RET) identification of a mushroom from an emailed video—in a case of possible ingestion by dog in western? New York state.  The mushroom was Amanita crenulata.  The video was communicated to RET by Dr. Kathie Hodge (Cornell Univ.).

21 October 2010:

Technical tab upgrades: Amanita inopinata, A. karea, A. mumura, A. pareparina, and A. pumatona.

19 October 2010:

New images: Amanita zangii has new images from Hainan, China, thanks to the photography of Mr. N. K. Zeng, a student of Dr. Yang.

Techtab added: Amanita ameripanthera.

17-18 October 2010:

The Texas and Gulf Coast and Subsaharan Africa illustrated checklists are now functional on this site. Please report broken links.

16 October 2010:

Broken links were found and repaired on the !Mushroom+Poisoning page.

Readers, if you find a broken link, please tell us about it!

We need a substantial effort to refurbish the old checklists for the new site so that pictorial access to the data on the new site can be established.  Today we have built the links to the taxon pages for all taxa of subgenus Amanita on the ?US+-+TX+and+Gulf+Coast checklist page.

15 October 2010:

Added images: Amanita basii, A. muscaria subsp. flavivolvata, A. sp-M36, and Limacella sp-Tulloss-8-31-94-E.

Techtabs updated: Amanita pantherinoides and A. sp-M30.

12-14 October 2010:

The site posted its 1000th visit during 14 October.

Techtabs updated: Amanita australis, A. nehuta, A. nigrescens, A. nothofagi, and A. taiepa.

11 October 2010:

Techtabs updated: Amanita romagnesiana and A. submembranacea.

8 October 2010:

Techtab updates: Amanita cinereoconia, A. jacksonii, and A. mairei.

6-7 October 2010:

A discussion group focused on this site for users of this site (and others) has been started at  Membership in the message board is required for participation in this forum.  Privacy impact: The person signing up needs to prove that he/she is human and state that he/she is over 13 years old.

We have exceeded 500 unique users (IPs) after 15 days of "life."

New illustrations: Amanita hesleri, Amanita muscaria subsp. flavivolvata, and A. mutabilis.

New techtab: Amanita submembranacea. The following statistics describe this site's current condition (in part) with change (if any) from the date the site went "on the air":
There are 777 (was 765) names listed for the Amanitaceae.

Of these 49 are in Limacella and 728 (was 716) in Amanita.

The number of accepted names is 540 (no change).

Those judged insufficiently known number 26 (no change).

There are two names that are provisional combinations (no change).

The number of provisional names proposed is 53 (was 51).

The number of names reported "in the sense of" (sensu) is 14 (was 13).

The number of unpublished names not proposed by an editor is 2 (no change).

The number of invalid names in current use that are listed is 5 (no change).

The number of illegitimate names in current use that are listed is 2 (no change).

The number of temporarily code-numbered, possibly distinct taxa is 133 (was 124).
In addition:
595 pages (no change) have at least a completed, brief description tab.

Of these pages, 384 (was 378) have technical tabs that contain at least detailed spore size and shape data.

The remaining 182 (was 170) pages lack completed brief description tabs, but often (especially in the case of code-numbered [possible] taxa) have considerable detail on their technical tabs.

To measure our progress in developing the locality data needed for automated checklist generation, we keep count of the number of technical tabs that lack data in the "material examined" data field. Today this number is 330.

4-5 October 2010:

On 3 October, NJ Mycol. Assoc. members continued their collecting focused on a preliminary study of diversity in the new Franklin Parker Preserve near Chatsworth, Burlington Co., NJ—an Atlantic Coastal Plain site with sandy soil and plentiful areas of typical pine-oak barrens.  The biggest surprise for RET was Amanita mutabilis, which was prominent among the collections because of the size of the immature basidiome. This is the first known collection of this species in New Jersey in more than 15 years.  Congratulations to Nina Burghardt and the other collectors who brought home this treasure among other interesting amanitas such as A. dulciarii.

Data added to techtabs: Amanita lippiae, A. mutabilis, A. viscidolutea.

3 October 2010:

The following is only relevant to persons who have been experimenting with the ?User+sporograph feature of

Now that a function permitting combined display of sporographs for all taxa within a supraspecific taxon of series rank and below is available directly from any directory page for such a rank (at the top of the green taxon definition box on the right of the page), it is now more confusing than it is useful to include sporographs "for purposes of comparison" in basidiospore data fields.

Therefore, we are in the process of removing the blue "for purposes of comparison text" from the basidiospore data fields.  This will delete the corresponding sporographs from the same data fields and, consequently, they will not be uselessly and confusingly repeated in the "combined sporographs" for higher level taxa.

The deleted blue text will be temporarily stored in the "citations" data field near the bottom of the same technical tab from which the text was removed.  No sporographs will be generated in the "citations" data field.  Eventually, comparison of relevant sporographs will be a function available within the "discussion" data field.
An extensive list of materials examined or available to be examined in RET's herbarium has been added to the technical tab for Amanita flavorubens.

2 October 2010:

Today, after several days of good rains in New Jersey, RET was called to diagnose a very minimal exposure of a child to a backyard mushroom that turned out to be Amanita crenulata.  Luckily, very little (if any) of the mushroom was ingested; and the children have not developed symptoms.

In response to a Mexican amanita posted on, we posted codes for about a quarter of the previouly unposted Mexican taxa or probable taxa represented in RET's herbarium.  These were taxa collected 1994 - 2000 in the states of Hidalgo and Tlaxcala in the company (mostly) of mycologist-hosts from la Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala.  Data on, and photographs of, these taxa will be posted when available and as time permits.  Estimated diversity for the two states well exceeds 50 taxa (per RET), and we will continue to post more Mexican taxa in the future.  Codes for taxa first recognized in Mexican collections begin "sp-M" and end with two or more digits.

30 September - 1 October 2010:

Known range extension: Bill Bakaitis has sent RET the first record of A. virginiana from the state of Maine, U.S.A. Annotation has been made on the technical tab for of the relevant taxon page.  The minute specimen has been deposited in RET's herbarium.

Updates to technical tabs: Amanita avellaneosquamosa, A. caesareoides, A. chepangiana, A. farinosa sensu Z. L. Yang [new page], A. fritillaria, A. kwangsiensis, A. orientigemmata, A. ovalispora, A. princeps, A. pseudoporphyria, A. sinensis var. subglobispora, and A. vestita.

29 September 2010:

Bug fix: The bug reported yesterday that involved the miscoloring of graphs on the ?User+sporograph page has been cleared.

Updated techtabs: Amanita colombiana, A. fallax nom. prov., and A. flavoconia var. inquinata.

28 September 2010:

At noon today, the number of identifiably distinct (human, i.e., NOT robot, worm, etc.) users of this site was 301.  Considering that this spreading of interest in the site is occurring before Google and Yahoo have included us in any significant way, it appears that word of mouth/email advertising, the New York Botanical Garden "Technical Resources" page and a single French site have been spreading the word.

Sometime between 5 and 8 p.m. today, Google began to make referrals to our site.

Setting user preferences: A new page Your site preferences has been added to the site today.  So far the functions on this new page are (1) permit a user to replace background tiles with a solid color; (2) give the user an option to join a user's group mailing list.  Once site preferences are set for a particular IP, they will be activated whenever a user at that IP re-enters the site. pledges to keep all user email addresses private and never to share them.

The following pages have had contents added to their technical tabs (techtabs): Amanita baccata sensu Arora, A. caesareoides, A. dolichopus nom. nov. prov., A. elongata, A. media, A. parcivolvata, A. parva, A. praegraveolens, A. roseophylla, A. sp-AZ10, and A. sp-T06.

27 September 2010:

The amanitas collected at the 2010 Northeast Mycological Foray (Soyuzivka Estate, Kerhonkson, Ulster County, New York, USA) (as best we could tell on site) were the following:

Section Amanita: Amanita amerimuscaria (yellow variant)

Section Caesareae: NONE

Section Vaginatae: Amanita longicuneus, A. cf. sp-N37, A. sp-N44, a very dark-capped species similar to A. borealisorora (otherwise unidentified), a short-striate species with a fulvous brown cap and a somewhat weakly structured volval limb (othrwise unidentified)

Section Amidella: A. pseudovolvata

Section Lepidella: A. cinereopannosa, A. magniradix, A. onusta, A. subcokeri

Section Phalloideae: A. bisporigera (common)

Section Validae: A. amerirubescens, A. brunnescens (common), A. citrina f. lavendula (common), A. flavoconia, A. flavorubens.

Unfortunately, the weather had been dry. RET and CRC presented a morning seminar (8:30 to 12:30) on the Amanitaceae (25 September 2010) with the support of Naveed Davoodian, student of Dr. Roy Halling.

The (US) team extends its sincere thanks to the NEMF organizers and volunteers.

. 24 September 2010:

RET and Cristina Rodríguez-Caycedo are at the 2010 NE Mycological Foray near Kerhonkson, NY. The participants in the foray have already collected 14 species of Amanita at the end of the first full day of the foray. These included two of the unpublished taxa listed on this site A. sp-N44 (in more than half a dozen collections) and two collections of A. longicuneus.  In both cases, these are the first recorded collections from New York State.

22 September 2010:

A technical tab was added for Amanita sp-M10, a yellow, neotropical species of stirps Nauseosa.

21 September 2010:

Today, in the early afternoon (eastern U.S. time), the pages of this site went white.  When the content returned, the pages belonged to  Welcome, world!  The site is alive.

The first species to be added to is Amanita pruittii, which at present has a functional technical tab and photographs by Jan Lindgren.

20 September 2010:

Today, after noticing that the site had over 220 users from 23 countries (despite the fact that we have been blocking spidering of the site by Google and other search engines), RET decided that the site's future name "" and this site's current address [snip] could be mentioned openly in a post to an email reflector or two.  The deed is done.

At this moment the site is about 10.5 months into development.  The starting point was the then approximately 11 year old Amanita Studies site (founded in 1999 by RET and, in its expanded form, written and edited by RET and Dr. Zhuliang Yang).  The old site will continue to exist for a while because it still has useful checklists and keys on it.  However, users should know that all further content development for individual taxa will occur here—at—and, eventually, superior checklists and keys will be found here.  At that time, the old site will be phased out.
At the time that this site is announced, the following statistics describe its condition (in part):
There are 765 names listed for the Amanitaceae.

Of these 49 are in Limacella and 716 in Amanita.

The number of accepted names is 540.

Those judged insufficiently known number 26.

There are two names that are provisional combinations.

The number of provisional names proposed is 51.

The number of names reported "in the sense of" (sensu) is 13.

The number of unpublished names not proposed by an editor is 2.

The number of invalid names in current use that are listed is 5.

The number of illegitimate names in current use that are listed is 2.

The number of temporarily code-numbered, possibly distinct taxa is 124.
In addition:
595 pages have at least a completed, brief description tab.

Of these pages, 378 have technical tabs that contain at least detailed spore size and shape data.

The remaining 170 pages lack completed brief description tabs, but often (especially in the case of code-numbered [possible] taxa) have considerable detail on their technical tabs.

To measure our progress in developing the locality data needed for automated checklist generation, we keep count of the number of technical tabs that lack data in the "material examined" data field. Today this number is 338.
At midnight on 20 September 2010, our new usage recording system showed 230 distinct users in 24 countries.